Factors That Influence Your Home Loan Interest Rates

How Do Lenders Determine Home Loan Interest Rate?

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Home Loan Interest Rate

Home loan interest rate is defined as the rate of percentage of the principal amount charged by home loan lender. The home loan amount is determined by the interest rate charged by banks and non-financial institutions. The interest rate charged determines how much you must pay your lender each month against your loan. Interest rates are typically linked to the repo rate and vary by lender.

Home loan interest rates differ in every financial institution. It also vary from person to person. A very small change in the home loan interest rate can lead to an immense increase in overall interest paid.

When you apply for a home loan, you’re essentially borrowing money from a lender, who charges you interest in exchange for financing your purchase. Think of this interest rate as the “rent” you pay for using their money. You repay both the borrowed amount (principal) and the accumulated interest through fixed monthly installments called EMIs over the loan term. Several factors influence this interest rate, and understanding them before applying can put you in a stronger position.

Factors that Determine Home Loan Interest Rates

Repo Rate

Repo Rate is the interest rate at which the Reserve Bank of India lends money to other banks. Naturally, the lower the lease rate at which banks obtain their loan, the lower the rate a customer pays. As a result, the lower the repo rate, the lower the interest rate for end users.

Reverse Repo Rate

This is the inverse of ‘Repo Rate.’ At this rate, banks lend to the Reserve Bank of India. If the Reverse Repo Rate is high, banks are eager to lend to the RBI. This means that the bank will profit handsomely, which will be passed on to customers in the form of lower interest rates.

Credit Score

When you apply for a home loan, the bank will always check your credit score. This informs the bank of your creditworthiness and allows them to determine whether you are a high-risk borrower or not. The better your credit score, the lower your home loan interest rate. Factors like on-time payments, credit history length, and total debt all contribute to your credit score.

Prime Lending Rate (PLR) 

PLR is the interest rate reference rate that banks use to determine interest rates on various products. Many banks state interest rates in the format shown below. PLR + 0.5%. In this case, if a bank’s PLR is 8%, the interest rate on their housing loan would be 8.50%.

Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR)

CRR is the minimum percentage of total customer deposits that the bank must hold as reserves. This can be in cash or in the form of deposits with the RBI. Higher the CRR, the higher the interest rate paid by the customer. This is because an increase in CRR reduces the amount of liquidity in the system.

Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR)

The SLR is the reserve required of commercial banks. SLR can be kept in the form of gold, government securities, and so on. A bank can only offer credit to its customers after the SLR has been met.

Benchmark Prime Lending Rate (BPLR)

The BPLR is the interest rate at which a bank lends to its customers. RBI replaced the BPLR because banks frequently loaned money at extremely low interest rates. With this in place, no bank will be able to lend below the BPLR. This can have a visible impact on the interest rate that a bank offers a customer. The greater the BPLR, the greater the interest rate that a customer must pay.

Tips to reduce Home Loan Interest Rates

Here are a few tips to reduce home loan interest rates:

Chose Short Home Loan Tenure

The length of your home loan tenure is a critical decision. While longer tenures offer lower EMIs, they come at the cost of higher overall interest paid. Weigh your options carefully before deciding.

Make More Down Payment

A methodical approach to purchasing a home will be advantageous. You can work toward a larger down payment and then reap the benefits of a smaller loan amount with a much lower interest rate.

Keep Good Credit Score

Credit score ranging above 750 is considered as a good credit score. Moreover, credit score reflects your responsibility as a borrower. So, lenders will view you as a trustworthy borrower and will offer you a lower interest rate on a loan.

Go for a Home Loan Balance Transfer

If you think your current lender’s terms aren’t favorable, take the initiative! Approach them directly and ask for a rate reduction. Most lenders value their good customers and might be open to negotiation. You can try two tactics:

  • Match a competitor’s rate: Research competitor offers and ask your lender to match them.
  • Leverage your credit history: Highlight your strong credit history and request a lower rate based on your reliability.
Reconsider EMI Every Year

Certain lenders allow you to adjust your EMI once a year. If your salary is increased or your income consistently rises, you may choose to increase your EMI. This may appear strange at first, but the higher your Home Loan EMI, the shorter your tenure, and thus a significant reduction in your interest rate.


We have covered everything you need to know about lowering your home loan interest rate in this article. Aside from that, it is critical to have a consistent and long-tenured work history. Lenders are more likely to favor those who have worked at the same place for many years and have a consistent/growing income.

Everyone wants to own a home, so home loans have become an essential and unavoidable part of our lives. Home loan interest rates are currently at an all-time low, making now an excellent time to obtain one. If you already have a home loan, it is best to switch to a lender that offers lower interest rates.

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Also read:

How to Reduce Home Loan Interest Rates

Tax Benefit on Home Loan

Top Up Loan tax benefit

Tax Benefit on Home Construction Loan

Tax Benefits on Second Home Loan

Home Loan Top Up

How Much Home Loan Can I Get on My Salary?


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Your home loan will be processed in 2 steps:

  1. You receive the approval of your home loan.
  2. You sign the loan agreement papers and complete other necessary documentation. The loan amount is thereafter paid directly to the builder by Home First Finance Company.

Loan decisions are made in less than a week. You will receive an SMS on your registered mobile number as soon as we make a decision.

HomeFirst does not charge any prepayment fees. This applies to both partial and full repayments. In fact, we have a special Auto-Prepay feature to facilitate this process for you.

HomeFirst offers loan tenures between 1 year to 25 years. If you opt for a longer tenure, you can get the advantage of a lower EMI each month.

HomeFirst can provide finance up to 90% of the property value. The balance has to be arranged by you from other sources. Please note: 90% financing is only available for loans amounting to less than Rs. 30 lakhs.

All co-owners of the property have to be co-applicants to the loan. A person who is not a co-owner can also become a co-applicant to the loan.

During the construction phase, HomeFirst will disburse funds to the builder on your behalf. These will be based on payment requests made by the builder as per the construction schedule.

HomeFirst will charge interest only on the amount disbursed as loan during the construction phase. In this period, interest is charged only on the disbursed loan amount. For example, if you have a sanctioned loan of Rs 10 lakhs, but the property is under construction and we have disbursed only Rs 4 lakhs, you will be charged interest only on 4 lakhs. These interest payments are referred to as pre-EMI interest payments.

EMI payments will start only after completion of the project and registration of the property.

All cheques to HomeFirst should be written out in favor of ‘Home First Finance Company India Limited’.

In the event of an unfortunate incident, home loan insurance will help you or your family pay off the home loan. This ensures that the burden does not suddenly fall upon family members at a bad time.

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